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SOCI 331 SOCI331 QUIZ 2 ANSWERS (AMERICAN PUBLIC UNIVERSITY)

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For a nomothetic causal relationship to exist, there must be evidence:
Which of the following hypotheses best fits the criteria of causality?
Professor King examined all the reasons given by 100 couples for their marriages. In the final research report, King listed all the reasons given by the 200 people for their marriages. Professor King is:
If we can establish that variable X comes before variable Q in time, then we can say
In Sweden, there is a very strong correlation between the number of storks and the number of babies born. However, both of these variables are associated with region (rural vs. urban). This illustrates
Professor Root was studying the arrest rates for drunken driving in urban and rural areas of Ohio. It was found that the arrest rate was higher in the rural areas. Professor Root concluded that people who live in rural areas are more likely to drive while intoxicated than are people who live in urban areas. Root's conclusion illustrates the:
When a researcher is faced with the question from whom or what will the information be gathered, that researcher is dealing with which stage of the research design process?
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a cross-sectional study?
If a researcher were conducting a study of women's attitudes toward abortion, the unit of analysis would be:
The 2010 Census is a_______study that when used with another decennial census could be considered a __________ study.
Explanatory studies are designed to find answers to which of the following questions?
Professor Stone designs a study to examine the effect of a teenage pregnancy on the career choices of the teens. Stone interviews a sample of teenage women during their pregnancy, after the birth, and one year later. Stone is using
Which of the following sequences illustrates the progression of measurement steps in a fully structured scientific study?
Professor Smith gave an exam on Monday. On Wednesday Smith gave the same class the same exam. Professor Smith was clearly interested in assessing the exam's:
Professor Spence decided to define socioeconomic status as a combination of income and education. Spence then determined the questions to be asked in a survey and the categories of responses. Spence was assigning socioeconomic status:
Hudson et al. developed a series of questions to examine sexual attitudes (SAS). The SAS scores of religious fundamentalists, a group believed to be conservative regarding sexual expression, were compared with the scores of social work graduate students, a group believed to be liberal regarding sexual expression. The researchers were examining the instrument's:
Definitions are more problematic for descriptive research than for explanatory research because:
A complete conceptualization involves:
When the variable religious affiliation is classified as Protestant, Catholic, and Jewish, this variable has the important quality of being:
Which of the following is a nominal variable?
A researcher must decide in the process of operationalization:
Measuring how people feel about proposed income tax hikes when you really want to know how well informed they are on the proposal is a problem of operationalization concerning:
Shipley developed a NEW test to measure IQ. Using his test, someone with an IQ of 180 would be considered twice as intelligent as someone with an IQ of 90 and someone with an IQ of 90 was three times as intelligent as someone with an IQ of 30. Shipley's test treats IQ as a(n):
Professor Tilton measured the variable "feelings toward drafting women" with the categories strongly agree, agree, indifferent, disagree, and strongly disagree. Professor Tilton was using the level of measurement.
Jeremy can't decide whether he should ask people whether they "very strongly agree," "agree," "disagree, "very strongly disagree" or whether they simply "agree" or "disagree" with statements about the war in Iraq. Jeremy is dealing with the problem of:

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