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PSYC 303 PSYC303 WEEK 4 MIDTERM EXAM (APUS)

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PSYC303 Week 4 Midterm Exam (APUS)

Question 1 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Donders' main reason for doing his choice reaction time experiment was to study

A.perception

B.attention

C.decision making

D.memory

Question 2 of 30

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A common feature of both a reaction time experiment and an operant conditioning experiment is

A.the presentation of positive reinforcers

B.the measurement of behavior

C.the inference of mental processes

D.all of these are common features

Question 3 of 30

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Who developed the concept of the cognitive map?

A.Watson

B.Ebbinghaus

C.Wundt

D.Tolman

Question 4 of 30

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Who proposed that children's language development was caused by imitation and reinforcement?

A.Noam Chomsky

B.John Watson

C.Keller Breland

D.B. F. Skinner

Question 5 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

The field that studies how to make machines behave in ways that are intelligent if a human were so behaving is known as

A.cognitive psychology

B.behaviorism

C.artificial intelligence

D.flow diagramming

Answer Key: C

Question 6 of 30

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The neuron doctrine is

A.in agreement with nerve net theory

B.unrelated to nerve net theory

C.synonymous with nerve net theory

D.in disagreement with nerve net theory

Question 7 of 30

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Action potentials occur in the

A.cell body

B.synapse

C.neurotransmitters

D.axon

Question 8 of 30

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Which part of the brain is important for touch?

A.Occipital lobe

B.Hippocampus

C.Temporal lobe

D.Parietal lobe

Question 9 of 30

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The layer of neurons that lines the back of the eye is called the

A.retina

B.grandmother cell

C.reference electrode

D.feature detector

Question 10 of 30

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Most cognitive psychologists_________the notion of a grandmother cell.

A.accept

B.are uncertain about

C.reject

D.are actively investigating

Question 11 of 30

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Which of the following is not a geon?

A.Cylinder

B.Pyramid

C.Cone

D.Circle

Question 12 of 30

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The process by which small objects become perceptually grouped to form larger objects is

A.conjunction

B.perceptual organization

C.perceptual discriminability

D.perceptual fusion

Question 13 of 30

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Palmer's experiment, in which he asked people to identify objects in a kitchen, showed how ______ can affect perception.

A.illusory

B.context

C.naming association

D.attention

Question 14 of 30

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The landmark discrimination problem is more difficult to do if you have damage to your______ lobe.

A.frontal

B.temporal

C.parietal

D.occipital

Question 15 of 30

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The perception pathway corresponds to the _________pathway, while the action pathway corresponds to the _______pathway.

A.where; what

B.what; where

C.size; distance

D.distance; size

Question 16 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Selection of the attended message in the Broadbent model occurs based on the

A.meaning of the message

B.physical characteristics of the message

C.physical characteristics of the message plus the meaning, if necessary

D.listener's ability to mentally block the unattended message from getting in

Question 17 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

A high threshold in Treisman's model of attention implies that

A.a weak signals can cause activation

B.a strong signal to cause activation

C.all signals cause activation

D.no signals cause activation

Question 18 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

The ability to pay attention to, or carry out, two or more different tasks simultaneously is known as

A.divided attention

B.dual attention

C.divergent tasking

D.selective attention

Question 19 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

The Stroop effect demonstrates

A.how automatic processing can interfere with intended processing.

B.a failure of divided attention

C.the ease of performing a low-load task

D.support for object-based attention

Question 20 of 30

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Controlled processing involves

A.close attention

B.ease in performing parallel tasks

C.overlearning of tasks

D.few cognitive resources

Question 21 of 30

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The use of an eye tracker can help reveal the shifting of one's _______ attention.

A.overt

B.covert

C.divided

D.dichotic

Question 22 of 30

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When we reach a scene, initial fixations are most likely to occur on _____areas.

A.high-load

B.low-load

C.high-saliency

D.low-salience

Question 23 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

A property of control processes in the modal model of memory is that they

A.do not require attention

B.may differ from one task to another

C.are performed without conscious awareness

D.are difficult to modify

Question 24 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Which of the following represents the most effective chunking of the digit sequence 14929111776?

A.14 929 111 776

B.149 29111 776

C.14 92 91 117 76

D.1492 911 1776

Question 25 of 30

If you remember something in terms of its meaning, the type of encoding you are using is

A.semantic

B.acoustic

C.visual

D.iconic

Question 26 of 30

One function of ________ is controlling the suppression of irrelevant information.

A.sensory memory

B.the phonological loop

C.articulatory suppression

D.the central executive

Question 27 of 30

5.0/ 5.0 Points

Types of declarative memory are _____ and ______ memory.

A.semantic; implicit

B.implicit; episodic

C.episodic; semantic

D.procedural; episodic

Question 28 of 30

0.0/ 5.0 Points

The multiple choice question is an example of a ______test.

A.recall

B.recognition

C.word-completion

D.personal semantic memory

Question 29 of 30

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Acquiring information and transforming it into memory is

A.state-dependent learning

B.encoding

C.memory consolidation

D.transfer-appropriate processing

Question 30 of 30

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The principle that we learn information together with its context is known as

A.memory consolidation

B.repetition priming

C.encoding specificity

D.a self-reference effect

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