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Experimenters took advantage of a natural situation to study the effect of propinquity

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Experimenters took advantage of a natural situation to study the effect

of "propinquity," or close physical position, on friendships. The participants were 40 first-year students who were attending an orientation meeting at their university. None of the freshmen knew each other before the meeting, and they were asked to sit in one of the 40 classroom seats at random. The researchers recorded who sat by whom. Two months later, they asked each person about which of the other students they had become friends with. The researchers compared friendship rates between people sitting more than one seat away from each other. The students were more likely to have become friends with people in neighboring seats. Based on this description, answer questions about the experiment.
1.What are the independent and dependent variables in this study?


2 Interrogate the validity of this study by asking at least one question for each of the four validities (construct, external, statistical, and internal)

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