ACC 574 ENTIRE COURSE


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ACC 574 ENTIRE COURSE

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ACC 574 ENTIRE COURSE

 

 

ACC 574 Week 1 Individual Assignment Revenue Sources

 

Select three revenue sources in public budgeting that are mentioned in the readings.

Summarize each revenue source and describe which fund the source should fall under or be tracked in.

 

 

ACC 574 Week 2 Individual Assignment Traffic in the City of Kelsey

 

Review the City of Kelsey under the Government tab of the Virtual Organization site. Access the public records of Kelsey in the City Government section to familiarize yourself with the city’s budget and financial report.

You work as a budget director for the mayor of Kelsey, and recently you have received several complaints from citizens about the need to expand streets and highways. The population of Kelsey has grown, creating more traffic and more car accidents.

The mayor has communicated to you that this past year has seen the highest number of traffic accidents in the city. The federal government has reduced the federal pass-through money for the state, and the budgeting group must restructure the budget for the coming year. In addition to the limited budget, there has been a recent budgetary reform at the federal level, which has put additional pressure on the state Department of Transportation (DOT) to use the federal money before it expires. The state transportation committees are lobbying the state for an additional 15-cent gas tax for a temporary 3-year period in order to make up this deficit. However, the state legislature is wary of introducing any new taxes to the citizens. In addition, the state’s Sierra Club chapter, an important environmental advocate, is putting pressure on the legislature to reduce funding for freeways. They are also lobbying the legislature to enhance mass transit options.

The mayor has indicated that the likelihood of getting any increase in tax money from the state is remote. The mayor has called a meeting with your budget staff to address the following issues and to devise a solution that is politically feasible. In that meeting, the mayor reminds the staff that if he or she is not reelected, their jobs will be replaced by the new incumbent.

Create a report, as the budget officer, of no more than 1,400 words that details the following:

How the changes affect the fiscal cycle of your budgeting

How the preparation, execution, and evaluation of the budgeting cycle would change

Your budgeting approach based on the changes and the reasons

Differences between the chosen budgeting approach and those not used

A plan to address the traffic issue

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

 

 

ACC 574 Week 3 Individual Assignment Reforms and Shortcomings for the City of Kelsey

 

Resource: Virtual Organizations

Evaluate how reform movements and financial shortcomings affect the City of Kelsey’s operating budget.

Create a Microsoft® PowerPoint®presentation with speaker notes that provides a brief description of these changes and their effects on budgeting. Include the following in the presentation:

Identify two major budgetary reform movements, such as zero-based budgeting versus performance-based budgeting, and their effects on Kelsey’s budget.

Explain how these two major movements might affect the state and local levels if given decreased federal funding.

Provide sources to support your presentation.

Format your presentation consistent with APA guidelines.

 

 

ACC 574 Week 4 Individual Assignment Influences within Public Programs

 

Select a public program that has recently undergone a significant budgetary change.

For example, suppose a state cut funding for a domestic violence program. What possible changes in public policy and the political process could have led to this decision? What may be the result? Or, suppose federal and state environmentalists have recommended cuts to highway funding to reduce environmental impact. How might this reduction in funding affect the maintenance of state and federal roads, safety, and so on?

Discuss your topic with your instructor prior to beginning the assignment. Be sure to obtain instructor approval for the topic.

Write a paper of no more than 1,750 words about how the political process and changing public policy at the federal, state, and municipal levels influence budgeting. Detail how the change came about and its effect on the resulting program.

Include the following in your paper:

Identify political, economic, social, and cultural influences that caused the change in the budget

Identify the interaction among the federal, state, and municipal levels with regard to your program

Specify the limits of the agency budget office and how they may try to compensate for those limits

What strategies agencies and politicians might use to justify increasing or decreasing the budget for the program you selected

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

 

 

ACC 574 Week 4 Learning Team Assignment What is Forecast

 

Review the 2008 financial report you plan to use in the Final Project due in Week Six.

Consider how your team would forecast spending for the next year.

Create a summary of no more than 700 words about your forecasting approaches and your rationale. Incorporate these findings into the Final Project.

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

 

 

ACC 574 Week 5 Individual Assignment Manage Accountability

 

Your state Department of Transportation (DOT) has received $100 million in federal funding to enhance and expand an interstate freeway over a 5-year period. The state DOT oversight resources to do this were pulled from another project: improvement of a local county highway. The highway from which the resources were pulled is the main route into the major work centers of the city and is used by most commuters daily. During the same period, the city lost funding for the rapid bus service, which resulted in more workers having to drive their own cars during the work week, increasing traffic congestion.

Select one budget procedure you would use to analyze the utilization of the $100 million and whether that money was put to its best use.

Note. If you prefer to analyze a different program, with instructor approval you may choose to use a public program of interest in your state. Select an actual project to review to create an analysis of management accountability and cost benefit analysis.

Write a paper no more than 1,500 words on management accountability and cost benefit analysis. Your paper must state whether the money was spent as appropriated and whether the decision to use the money to build a freeway was the best use of that fund.

Identify the various funding and revenue sources that the state could use to increase and allocate money for improvements, such as levy, collection, gas taxes, or driver’s license renewals. 

Describe how each spending source would be forecasted and tracked in the budget accounting system. Distinguish between increasing revenue by raising taxes, cutting other services and programs to divert that funding to transportation issues, or both.

The paper must include expenditures and associated budgeting procedures, such as lump sum budgeting, object-of-expenditure budgeting, and performance budgeting.

An abstract or table of contents is not required. You must include at least three references other than the text and lectures. All references must be appropriately referenced in the text and on a references page.

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

 

and expand an interstate freeway over a 5-year period. The state DOT oversight resources to do this were pulled from another project: improvement of a local county highway. The highway from which the resources were pulled is the main route into the major work centers of the city and is used by most commuters daily. During the same period, the city lost funding for the rapid bus service, which resulted in more workers having to drive their own cars during the work week, increasing traffic congestion.

Select one budget procedure you would use to analyze the utilization of the $100 million and whether that money was put to its best use.

Note. If you prefer to analyze a different program, with instructor approval you may choose to use a public program of interest in your state. Select an actual project to review to create an analysis of management accountability and cost benefit analysis.

Write a paper no more than 1,500 words on management accountability and cost benefit analysis. Your paper must state whether the money was spent as appropriated and whether the decision to use the money to build a freeway was the best use of that fund.

Identify the various funding and revenue sources that the state could use to increase and allocate money for improvements, such as levy, collection, gas taxes, or driver’s license renewals. 

Describe how each spending source would be forecasted and tracked in the budget accounting system. Distinguish between increasing revenue by raising taxes, cutting other services and programs to divert that funding to transportation issues, or both.

The paper must include expenditures and associated budgeting procedures, such as lump sum budgeting, object-of-expenditure budgeting, and performance budgeting.

An abstract or table of contents is not required. You must include at least three references other than the text and lectures. All references must be appropriately referenced in the text and on a references page.

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

 

ACC 574 Week 5 Learning Team Assignment Discussion Question

 

 

ACC 574 Week 6 Learning Team Assignment Final Project and Presentation

 

Select a city, county, or state for your final project. Use the Internet to access its 2008 annual budget and Comprehensive Annual Financial Report (CAFR).

Complete a comprehensive paper of no more than 3,000 words and at least a 12-slide PowerPoint® presentation with speaker’s notes. The final presentation and paper must cover the municipality as a whole, and must combine concepts from the class as well as the topics provided below.

Political, economical, social, and cultural influences on the public budget

Forecast approaches and rationale

Effects of public policy and the political process affecting the city’s or town’s budget for 2008

Elements involved in the 2008 budget preparation, enactment, and execution

Include at least three references other than the text and lectures.

Format your paper and presentation consistent with APA guidelines.

 

 

ACC 574 Final Exam

 

 

1) Recognizing revenues when measurable and available for paying current obligations and expenditures when incurred describes which basis of accounting?

 

  1. Budgetary
  2. Modified cash
  3. Modified accrual
  4. Accrual

 

2) Which of the following uses the flow of economic resources measurement focus?

 

  1. Internal Service Fund
  2. Special Revenue Fund
  3. Debt Service Fund
  4. General Fund

 

 

3) The organization that designates which authoritative standard-setting body is responsible for establishing accounting and financial reporting standards for particular kinds of organizations—federal, state, and local government; not-for-profit; and business organizations—is the

 

  1. Association of Government Accountants
  2. Government Finance Officers Association
  3. Financial Accounting Foundation
  4. American Institute of Certified Public Accountants

 

4) Which of the following has contributed most to governments’ increased interest in activity-based accounting?

 

  1. The Single Audit Act of 1984, and 1996 Amendments
  2. Increased demand for high-profile management tools to bolster the image of government
  3. Implementation of innovative management approaches—such as TQM and SEA measures—in response to public demand for greater accountability and productivity
  4. GASB standards

 

 

5) State reimbursement to schools for a portion of any special education costs incurred is an example of which category of nonexchange transactions?

 

  1. Voluntary nonexchange revenue
  2. Government mandated nonexchange revenue
  3. Imposed tax revenue
  4. Derived tax revenue

 

 

6) Which of the following is a characteristic that distinguishes government and not-for-profit (G&NP) organizations from business enterprises?

 

  1. Accumulating wealth on behalf of its constituents is a key goal of G&NP organizations and business enterprises.
  2. Net income is an appropriate performance evaluation measurement for most of these organizations.
  3. The resource providers of G&NP organizations often do not receive services commensurate with the amount of resources they provide.
  4. Borrowing is not a significant source of financing.

 

 

7) Which of the following is not specifically identified in the GAAP hierarchy for state and local governments?

 

  1. GAO’s Yellow Book
  2. GASB Implementation Guides
  3. GASB Technical Bulletins
  4. AICPA Industry Audit and Accounting Guides

 

 

8) The purpose of encumbrance accounting is to

 

  1. prevent government waste
  2. replace expense accounting in governments
  3. avoid expenditures exceeding appropriations
  4. manage a government’s cash flows

 

 

9) The governmental GAAP hierarchy was established by

 

  1. The Financial Accounting Foundation (FAF)
  2. The American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA)
  3. The Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB)
  4. The Governmental Accounting Standards Board (GASB)

 

 

10) Which of the following budgetary approaches starts with line-item expenditures and applies a factor approximating the inflation rate to most items, unless specific information is available to suggest that a different factor should be applied?

 

  1. Incremental budgeting
  2. Program budgeting
  3. Zero-based budgeting
  4. Performance budgeting

 

 

11) Which of the following is not one of the purposes of a budget considered in the Government Finance Officer Association Distinguished Budget Presentation Award Program?

 

  1. As a policy document
  2. As a communication device
  3. As a legal document
  4. As a financial plan

 

 

12) Which of the following statements is not consistent with the GASB’s Budgeting, Budgetary Control, and Budgetary Reporting Principle?

 

  1. An annual budget must be adopted using generally accepted accounting principles.
  2. The budgetary comparison schedule should present both the original and the final appropriated budgets for the reporting period.
  3. The accounting system should provide the basis for appropriate budgetary control.
  4. Budgetary comparison schedules should be presented as required supplementary information for the General Fund and each major special revenue fund for which an annual budget has been adopted.

 

13) The government official typically responsible for providing department heads with technical support such as clerical assistance with budget computation and maintenance of document files relating to the budget is

 

  1. the chief financial officer
  2. the director of finance
  3. the legislative budget analyst
  4. the budget officer

 

14) Cash disbursements budgets

 

  1. need to be prepared because GASB standards specify the use of the accrual basis of accounting for governments
  2. should be prepared only for each fiscal year because disbursements for each month are approximately equal
  3. should usually be prepared for each month of the year, or for shorter intervals, in order to facilitate planning short-term borrowings and investments
  4. should be prepared only for funds not required to operate under legal appropriation budgets

 

15) Cash receipts and cash disbursement budgets for a government

 

  1. should be prepared for all funds for the entire fiscal year
  2. should be prepared for only those funds for which appropriations budgets are not required by law
  3. should be prepared as needed to enhance cash management, investment management, and short-term debt management
  4. should be prepared for only those funds for which appropriations budgets are required by law to be prepared on the accrual basis or the modified accrual basis

 

16) In accounting for state and local governments, the modified accrual basis is required for

 

  1. proprietary and fiduciary funds
  2. all funds
  3. governmental funds only
  4. proprietary funds only

 

17) The accounting system used by a state or local government must make it possible

 

  1. to fairly present the financial position and results of financial operations of the government as a whole, as well as fund financial activity in conformity with GAAP, and to demonstrate compliance with finance-related legal and contractual provisions
  2. to provide web-based bond offering statements to investment firms
  3. to prepare financial statements as required by the Financial Accounting Standards Board
  4. to prepare consolidated accrual basis statements for the government as a whole

 

18) Which of the following is not a characteristic of a fund as defined by GASB standards?

 

  1. An accounting entity
  2. A self-balancing set of accounts
  3. A fiscal entity
  4. A segregated quantity of cash and other financial resources on deposit with a designated trustee

 

19) Which of the following costs would be allowable under OMB Circular A-87?

 

  1. Advertising on the Internet by a defense contractor
  2. Depreciation expense on the equipment used in a federal research grant
  3. Lobbying for continuation of an educational program by the school administrator
  4. Indirect costs of the state legislature

 

20) Which of the following should not be reported as a liability of the General Fund?

 

  1. General obligation bonds payable (due in 10 years)
  2. Due to federal government
  3. Vouchers payable
  4. Tax anticipation notes payable

 

21) Cash disbursements budgets

 

  1. need to be prepared because GASB standards specify the use of the accrual basis of accounting for governments
  2. should be prepared only for each fiscal year because disbursements for each month are approximately equal
  3. should usually be prepared for each month of the year, or for shorter intervals, in order to facilitate planning short-term borrowings and investments
  4. should be prepared only for funds not required to operate under legal appropriation budgets

 

22) The schedule of legally required events in the budgeting process is generally referred to as the

 

  1. budget docket
  2. budget calendar
  3. legal timetable
  4. hearing schedule

 

23) Which basis of accounting best contributes to measuring the cost of services for rational budgeting purposes?

 

  1. Accrual
  2. Cash
  3. Modified cash
  4. Modified accrual

 

24) Which of the following might appropriately be termed an outcome indicator for a police department that reports service efforts and accomplishments indicators?

 

  1. Number of crimes investigated
  2. Number of personnel hours expended
  3. Value of property lost due to crime
  4. Hours of patrol

 

34) A budgetary comparison schedule includes the following columns except

 

  1. actual on the GAAP basis
  2. actual on the budgetary basis
  3. final revised budget
  4. the original budget

 

 

35) The city of Newton purchased a vehicle for the police department. If the operations of the police department are financed by general revenues, the purchase would be recorded in which funds and/or activities?

 

  1. General Fund: No; governmental activities: No
  2. General Fund: Yes; governmental activities: Yes
  3. General Fund: No; governmental activities: Yes
  4. General Fund: Yes; governmental activities: No

 

 

36) A Special Revenue Fund

 

  1. must be used to account for all expandable restricted resources
  2. must be used to account for all nonexpendable restricted resources
  3. is not required except when its use is legally or contractually mandated
  4. is used to account for resources restricted for capital or debt service purposes

 

37) Taxes receivable of $80,000, which have a related allowance for uncollectible taxes of $8,000, become delinquent. The entry to record this includes a debit to

 

  1. Allowance for Uncollectible Current Taxes
  2. Revenues
  3. Allowance for Uncollectible Delinquent Taxes
  4. Taxes Receivable—Current

 

38) Sale taxes are an example of which category of nonexchange transactions?

 

  1. Imposed tax revenue
  2. Voluntary nonexchange revenue
  3. Government mandated nonexchange revenue
  4. Derived tax revenue

 

 

39) Which of the following does not affect the "Excess of Revenues over Expenditures"?

 

  1. incurring and paying salaries
  2. transfers from Enterprise Funds
  3. property taxes levied and collected in the year
  4. purchase of capital assets

 

 

40) The operation of a municipality’s recreation facilities and sites such as ball fields, gymnasiums, and tracks are most likely to be accounted for in a

 

  1. capital projects fund
  2. internal service fund
  3. general fund
  4. enterprise fund

 

 

41) A municipality operates a local landfill. How could the landfill facility’s operations be reported in the municipality’s financial statements?

 

  1. only in an enterprise fund
  2. either in the general fund or a capital projects fund
  3. either in the general fund or an enterprise fund
  4. only in a general fund

 

42) A computer was purchased from unrestricted resources for a general government department. The government paid cash for the computer at the purchase date. Which of the following is not an effect of this transaction in the General Fund?

 

  1. Current liabilities do not change.
  2. Fund balance decreases.
  3. Current assets decrease.
  4. Capital assets increase.

 

43) If an expenditure was inadvertently charged to the General Fund instead of the appropriate Special Revenue Fund, what effect would the correction of this error later in the same fiscal year have on the General Fund?

 

  1. Expenditures would be decreased.
  2. Transfers in would be increased.
  3. An entry would be made directly to the General Fund’s fund balance to correct the error.
  4. Revenues would be increased.

 

 

44) The county received a $75,000 payment in lieu of taxes from the water Enterprise Fund. The Enterprise Fund receives no service from the county for this payment. The General Fund should report the payment in

 

  1. revenues
  2. special item
  3. other financing sources – transfer
  4. interfund charges

 

45) If a state law requires local governments to prepare General Fund and special revenue fund budgets on a basis that differs from the basis of accounting required by generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), then which of the following is true?

 

  1. Both the budgeted and actual amounts in the budgetary comparison schedule prepared as part of the required supplementary information should be reported on the GAAP basis; a separate budget-basis comparison schedule should be prepared for the appropriate state oversight body.
  2. Only a budgetary comparison schedule prepared for the appropriate state oversight body is required.
  3. The actual amounts in the budgetary comparison schedule should be reported using the government’s budgetary basis.
  4. The actual amounts in the budgetary comparison schedule should be reported on the GAAP basis.

 

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